To begin with, we do not talk in the army of ‘management’ but of ‘leadership’. This is significant. There is a difference between leaders and management. The leader and the men who follow him represent one of the oldest, most natural and most effective of all human relationships. The manager and the men who he manages are a later product, with neither so romantic nor so inspiring a history.
Leadership is of the spirit, compounded of personality and vision: its practice is an art. Management is of the mind, more a matter of accurate calculation of statistics, of methods, time-table and routine: its practice is a science. Managers are necessary, leaders are essential. A good system will produce efficient managers but more than that is needed.
We must find managers who are not only skilled organizers but inspired and inspiring leaders, destined eventually to fill the highest rank of control and direction. Such men will gather round them close-knit teams of sub-ordinates like themselves and of technical experts, whose efficiency, enthusiasm and loyalty will be unbeatable. Increasingly this is recognized and the search for leadership is on…
Field Marshall Lord Slim (Governor General of Australia)
In his address to the Australian Institute of Management (1957)